Minnesota Sales Tax
Minnesota Sales Tax At a Glance
State rate: 6.875%
Maximum combined rate: 8.875%
Tax Holidays: None
Governing Body: Minnesota Department of Revenue
If you do business in Minnesota, it’s important to know whether you need to collect sales tax, as well as how much to collect. The exact amount of the tax will vary depending on the county and municipalities in which you’re located or that you’re shipping to, and there are various other rules and regulations you need to consider as well. Before you collect any tax in Minnesota, you need to determine if what you’re selling is taxable and whether you have a nexus in the state.
Sales Tax Rates in Minnesota
Minnesota has a statewide sales tax rate of 6.875%. This is the only sales tax levied in many areas. Certain counties and cities do charge additional local sales tax, however, so it’s important to know if you’re shipping goods to one of those areas or if you have a physical location there so that you charge sales tax appropriately on applicable purchases.
To determine whether local taxes are due on items you’re selling and the final rate to charge, you can refer to the local sales tax section on the Minnesota Department of Revenue website. They have resources that show the rates in each locality, as well as the specific items that additional rate applies to. For instance, Lanesboro charges local sales and use tax of 0.50%, which needs to be added to the state rate to determine the total sales tax due, and this applies to any item that is also covered by the state sales tax law.
Other municipalities are more specific. In Detroit Lakes, for example, an additional sales tax is charged on prepared food and beverages, while all other taxable items are only subject to the state rate. Minneapolis has several categories of additional sales tax, including a downtown liquor tax and a lodging tax. No matter where you’re selling, though, or what the specific rates are charged, all you need to do to determine the total applicable sales tax is to add the state rate and all relevant local rates together, and then apply that combined rate to the cost of the purchase.
The tax can be included in the total listed price of the item or service or added separately at checkout. However, it needs to be clear to the customer which option you’ve chosen and that all required taxes are being charged. It’s also important to remember that the rate you apply needs to reflect the destination of a shipped item rather than its point of origin. For instance, if you have a physical store or warehouse in St. Paul, but you’re shipping something to a customer in Duluth, you need to charge them the combined sales tax rate for Duluth.
Minnesota Sales Tax Nexus Guidelines
You need only worry about collecting sales tax in Minnesota if you have a nexus, or significant business presence, there. Per the state, this applies if you:
- Have a distribution center, physical store, sample room, office, or warehouse in the state
- Have a salesperson, agent, solicitor, or other representative either temporarily or permanently based in Minnesota who is selling, installing, repairing, delivering, soliciting orders, or leasing tangible items
- Have a seller based elsewhere who makes deliveries in Minnesota using their personal vehicle
- Provide any taxable services in the state
- Receive referrals of Minnesota customers from a solicitor in exchange for a commission, and the resulting sales for your business total at least $10,000 over 12 months
- Are affiliated with a business based in Minnesota and sell into the state
If you meet any of these criteria, you are required to collect and remit sales tax at the appropriate rate as determined by the location of services provided or destination of goods shipped. If you sell through Amazon and your goods are stored in their warehouse in Minnesota, you must charge Minnesota sales tax on purchases shipped to customers in the state.
In addition to these nexus requirements, Minnesota established economic nexus requirements in 2018, following the Wayfair Supreme Court decision. Economic nexus is established if a remote seller makes $100,000 or more in sales or 200 individual transactions to buyers in Minnesota during a 12-month period.
What Is Taxable in Minnesota?
Most retail sales of tangible personal property are taxable in Minnesota. This includes anything sold for a purpose other than resale, sublease, or sub rent, as well as any services for the same purposes. Some examples include:
- Admission and amusement fees
- Candy and soft drinks
- Dietary supplements
- Grooming and hygiene products
- Meals and drinks prepared by the seller
- Installation labor for taxable items or services
- Digital products that are transferred electronically to the buyer
- Fur clothing
The Minnesota Sales Tax Booklet provides a complete list of all taxable items, as well as items that are exempt or to which special rates apply. One significant exception to the standard sales tax guidelines is the purchase of motor vehicles, for which the state rate is 6.5%. Special rates also apply to car rentals, liquor sales, waste management services, and mobile home and trailer sales.
In general, food, clothing, prescription, over-the-counter medications, and medical equipment are not taxable in Minnesota. Other exemptions include meals provided in early childhood education programs or daycare, pre-k through 12th-grade schools, nursing homes, senior homes, correctional facilities, and detox facilities. Sales to certain types of organizations, including nonprofits, may also be exempt if the buyer has obtained a proper exemption certificate from the state ahead of time.
The types of services that are subject to Minnesota state sales tax include:
- Building cleaning and maintenance
- Motor vehicle towing, rustproofing, and washing
- Detective and security services
- Telecom, pay TV, and related
- Laundry and cleaning
- Lawn and garden
- Pet grooming, boarding, and care
- Massages (unless medically prescribed)
- Tree and shrub
If you provide a service at a permanent physical location, you will charge the sales tax applicable at that location. If you or your employees travel to provide the service, the rate in effect where the service is provided will apply.
Registration and Filing
Before you collect sales tax in Minnesota, you must register with the state, which can be done online through the Department of Revenue website or over the phone. You must register for the tax type you plan on collecting to ensure full sales tax compliance, and you will also have to ensure you’re properly registered in every area where you plan to collect taxes.
If you have a physical location and don’t ship anything or travel to provide services, you only need to register at that physical location. But if you intend to ship items to customers across the state, you must also register to collect all local sales taxes.
You can choose between filing once under a single Minnesota tax ID number for all your locations if you have more than one, or you can obtain a separate ID number for each and file separate returns. However, you must list all locations for transactions on your return, or you may be charged a penalty and lose the privilege of filing a combined return for all locations.
Minnesota Sales Tax Filing and Payment Deadlines
In Minnesota, you must file your sales tax return annually, quarterly, or monthly, depending on the amount of tax you usually collect. Your filing must be:
- Annual if tax collected averages less than $100 per month
- Quarterly if tax collected averages less than $500 per month
- Monthly if tax collected averages more than $500 per month
Monthly Due Dates
If you file monthly, all payments are due on the due date in the following chart for the month after taxes were collected.
Quarterly Due Dates
|January – March (Q1)||April 20|
|April – June (Q2)||July 20|
|July – September (Q3)||October 20|
|October – December (Q4)||January 20|
If you file annually, your deadline will be February 5th of the following year. If the due date falls on a weekend or holiday, you will have until the next business day to complete the filing and payment process.
Minnesota Sales Tax Penalties
If you fail to make a payment when one is due, you will be charged a penalty of 5% if you make the payment within 30 days of the due date. Payments received between 31 and 60 days after the original due date will be subject to a 10% penalty, and payments that are more than 60 days late will incur a 15% penalty.
An additional 5% penalty will be charged if you fail to file a return in addition to missing a payment, and there is a penalty of 25% if you continue to pay late. A failure to report local sales taxes appropriately also incurs a 5% penalty, and a failure to include accurate location information on a consolidated return from multiple locations will result in a fine of $500 for each problematic return.
In addition to the penalties, interest is charged on the combined total of tax due and penalty. The rate of interest charged depends on the year the taxes should have been paid. The current rate for 2021-22 is 3%, but it varies over the last 15 years. Carrying an unpaid tax balance or repeatedly paying late can ultimately lead to the revocation of your authorization to do business in the state.
Minnesota Tax Resources
- Minnesota Department of Revenue Fact Sheets
- Minnesota Department of Revenue Sales and Use Tax Instruction Booklet
- Minnesota Local Sales and Use Taxes
Minnesota Sales Tax Software
There are many details to keep track of when you’re doing business in Minnesota to ensure you’re properly registered to collect sales tax and that you apply the appropriate rate to purchases. Because of this, it’s helpful to have a tax calculator to keep track of all relevant elements for you, and TaxTools provides everything you need in this regard. It will allow you to manage payments, apply local tax rates properly, and keep track of filing deadlines to avoid penalties. It also relieves you of the stress involved in keeping track of changes to state tax laws so you can focus on other things.
Last updated May 2023