The State of Indiana has taken steps in recent years to streamline their sales tax rates and collection, including adoption as a Streamlined Sales Tax State. Because of the process required for determination of sales tax nexus, it is important, if you do business in Indiana, to research what will be required of you.
Indiana does not have any local sales taxes, so the state-wide rate of 7.00% applies to all applicable purchases to which sales tax must apply. This makes calculation for out of state sellers much easier.
For any merchant operating within the State of Indiana, you must collect sales tax on purchases made by your customers. This is standard and will be done at the state level because there are no local taxes to collect.
If you are an out of state seller, then you must determine if you have sales tax nexus in the State of Indiana. There are several situations in which the state considers you to have nexus in the state. These include:
Indiana has also joined the Streamlined Sales Tax initiative as a full member, acting with a seat on the Governing Board. The state is currently in the process of implementing all of the measures involved in the Agreement’s requirements, though has not yet fully adopted everything.
Because the process of determining nexus in Indiana has changed slightly and because of the impact of the streamlined process, it is recommended you review the most current requirements on the Indiana Department of Revenue website.
Indiana has a number of specific instances in which sales tax is not charged for otherwise standard goods. Most retail goods are subject to the 7% state sales tax, but there are others that are not, including:
For the most part, all retail goods purchased by a consumer are subject to sales tax with the few exceptions listed above.
The State of Indiana has an all purpose business registration process that includes Sales Tax and Out of State Sales Tax registration on their official website. The form, BT-1 is only available online and requires a valid email address to complete. You can download a checklist for what you will need depending on what parts of this application you are completing from the website here as well.
There is a $25 fee to register for sales tax permit in the state. You must also provide an estimated monthly taxable sales volume, what type of business you are, whether you will sell food, beverages, alcoholic beverages, gasoline, cars or trucks, or tobacco, and what location you will be billing from.
You will pay Indiana sales and use tax by:
How often you are required to file your sales tax returns will depend on the volume of remittance you have each period. When you first receive your permit, the state will assign a filing frequency to you based on your estimated annual taxable sales. The following frequencies will apply depending on the totals you provide to the state on your application:
For those that pay their sales tax due on time, Indiana will offer a discount as well. The discount varies depending on the size of what was collected. For those collecting less than $60,000 per year, the discount is 0.083%. For those that collect between $60,000 and $600,000 per year, the discount is 0.6%. For those collecting more than $600,000 per year, the discount is 0.3%. It’s important to check with the state before assuming there will be a discount as it is applied based on your specific filing situation.
Monthly Due Dates: The following deadlines apply to those whose sales tax liability in Indiana is more than $1,000 per month. If your liability is less than $1,000 per month, your due date will be the end of the month listed, so payment for January would be due by March 1st of the same year.
Annual: For those businesses with liability less than $10 per month, you will file annually by the end of either January or July depending on your accounting method.
The State of Indiana has a flat penalty charged to anyone who fails to pay or file on time. There will be a 10% fee of total tax due for those who do not pay according to the dates listed above. There are other penalties and potential fines as well if it is determined you are committing fraud or if you have repeatedly been late in paying your amount due.
Indiana has a relatively straightforward tax system. Thanks to their adoption of many of the Streamlined Sales Tax State agreement components and because of their flat 7.00% sales tax rate and no local taxes, even out of state sellers don’t have to jump through too many hoops. That said, any time you must include a new state in your taxation, it’s a big new step. That’s why a tool like TaxTools, that can help you record, collect and pay the sales tax due on a regular basis by state is such a useful resource. With eCommerce integration and a single interface to manage everything, it is faster and easier than trying to do this manually using state website portals. To learn more about TaxTools, contact us today or sign up on our website to receive a free trial.